NOTE: This download expired May 31, 2018. See message below.
Summary: TRIO is a set of federal programs (originally 3, hence “trio,” but more were added later) authorized in the 1960s under the Higher Education Act. GEAR UP (late 1990s) is another separate but similar program later added to the HEA.
Released: Filed Under: Archives
About "Three’s A Crowd: The Case For TRIO & GEAR UP Reform"
TRIO is a set of federal programs (originally 3, hence “trio,” but more were added later) authorized in the 1960s under the Higher Education Act. GEAR UP (late 1990s) is another separate but similar program later added to the HEA. These programs together spend around $1 billion per year to help disadvantaged students get ready for, enroll in, and finish college. Be aware that some of the programs do apply to students before they get to college, but they are still “higher education” policies, since they are defined as such by Congress, being put into the HEA and being designed to help these students get college degrees. The programs give grants to states and institutions to spend on things like mentoring, after school tutoring, special classes, summer activities, help filling out financial aid forms, etc. The problem is that none of the programs have any substantial proof that they are effective at actually getting disadvantaged kids through college. Fifty years later, there should be some evidence that they work, but disadvantaged kids are still not getting into nor graduating from college at very high rates.
Researchers Haskins & Rouse propose a 5-step reform plan that consolidates these into a single program with some of the funding dedicated to research and a requirement that any grants be given only to programs that have been studied and proven effective. At best, only effective programs would be funded and more disadvantaged students would get better results. At worst, no projects would be proven effective and the federal deficit would be reduced, since nothing would get funded. No one would be harmed, since the Status Quo isn’t helping anyone anyway.
Note: Different sources describe TRIO as four, six, or even more programs. Some of this depends on the date of the evidence (the number of programs changed over time). Some of it also depends on how they count the programs, since some of them have sub-programs that are sometimes counted separately.
- Download the document with the button above. Study this release and get to know it well. File and print as necessary to prepare for your upcoming competition.
- This download is exclusively for Monument Members participating in Season 19. Any use outside this membership is a violation of U.S. Copyright Law and violators will be prosecuted.
- As always, double check all claims, warrants, hyperlinks and the current news in case any changes have occurred that will affect your competition.
- Do you have questions about this download? Tap in your comment at the bottom of the page. The author, the site owner, or another member will most likely reply.
Permission & Usage
Click Here for complete information on permissions. All membership content is proprietary intellectual content, so please respect its copyright. Simply put, if you are not a Monument Member, you may not use it or share its content. If one partner of a debate team is a member and the other is not, the one who is a Monument Member must be the controller of the logins, downloads and incorporation of the Monument Membership material. Sharing logins is strictly prohibited.
Would you like to join?
Downloads like these don't grow on trees. They take hard work from experts. But we make it easy and affordable with a membership, and we'd love for you to join us! Fill out the fields below to be included in all that Season 19 has to offer:
Click here for more information.
Coach Vance debated in National Forensic League debate while in high school from 1979-1982. In college, he judged at high school NFL tournaments in North Carolina. A homeschooling dad himself, he realized the growing potential and benefit of homeschool debate and switched over to coaching homeschoolers a couple years later. In 2001, he helped Chris Jeub with bringing The Blue Book to a more advanced level. He has been co-authoring Blue Book ever since.