Summary: Presumption of Innocence is crucial to a justice system. That’s what this case focuses on.
Released: Filed Under: Stoa Lincoln-Douglas
About "Governmental Legitimacy (NEG)"
This article was written by Season 18 authors Micah Chapman and Mark Csoros.
Article 11, Section 1 of the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights states:
“Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.”
This mindset, the Presumption of Innocence, is crucial to a justice system. That’s what this case focuses on. It’s fairly easy to run, and extremely theoretical. Make sure to do a few things while running this case:
- Outweigh the examples. Affirmatives are presumably going to have many examples, which isn’t a problem for this case. Make sure to outweigh those examples by stating that, morally, those attacks were unjustified. Affirmatives are going to run example after example of preemptive attacks being successful. However, just because something is successful does not mean it is morally justified.
- Use the “morally justified” definition to your benefit. Every affirmative example can be brought back to those 6 key criteria. When an example arises, test it against those criteria, and determine whether it was just or not.
- Don’t let the affirmative get away with justified examples. Affirmatives may say, “In the example I brought up, the country in question had done something illegal, making the preemptive strike justified.” If that’s the case, it’s not truly preemptive warfare. Remember, preemptive means before. An attack isn’t preemptive if it’s done to punish an action. It has to be initiated before the action occurred. By using this rhetoric, you can defeat most examples that come up.
- Use gripping rhetoric. The affirmative side (by definition) kills innocent people, no matter if they were actually planning an attack or not. Focus on that aspect of the resolution. Don’t overdramatize it, but make the judge feel bad about voting for the resolution.
Be the philosopher in the room, and don’t let the affirmative get away with cheap examples. Good luck!
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