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Summary: The main argument of the case is that standard warfare is often unnecessary and will, in many cases, lead to more war.
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About "Global Peace (AFF)"
Many affirmative cases this year will be predicated on country-specific ideals such as national security or political legitimacy; however, a global perspective offers a unique and powerful argument for the affirmation of the resolution. There are two unique reasons why debating with a value of global peace is persuasive. First, it allows you to delve into a broad variety of issues that with standard cases would sometimes be inappropriate. For instance, a case with a value of national security generally focuses on the specific countries being threatened instead of the entire world scene. The discussion primarily revolves around what would keep that one country secure as opposed to what would be the most internationally stable option. During WWII, the United States delayed involvement until after their national security was compromised at Pearl Harbor, whereas if they had attacked the Axis powers at the outset, the war would have likely been over faster.
The second advantage a global interpretation offers is an increased scope of impact. During the Six Day War, Israel preemptively struck its Arab enemies and avoided a large-scale conflict. However, often the countries threatened don’t have the ability to conduct a precise preemptive mission. Arguing a value of national security would limit you down to the countries that can look after themselves, whereas valuing global peace requires the needs and abilities of the developing world to be accounted for as well.
A popular argument against this case will be that the peace of the planet is not the responsibility of a national government. Against this there are two main responses. The first is that the national security of a country is directly predicated on a peaceful world. An international community that is in chaos makes it very difficult to be secure and almost impossible to be economically prosperous. Therefore, countries ought to look out for international peace simply to preserve their own wellbeing. In addition, international organizations like the UN lack a military and thus don’t have the ability to be effective peacekeepers. If strong countries don’t work together to protect the weaker ones, rogue states and reckless regimes will catalyze massive destruction and end thousands of lives.
As is true with most affirmative cases, setting up clear parameters for preemptive warfare is key. As the definition states, preemption is not just one country feeling threatened and responding with force. In order for something to classify as preemptive, there has to be imminent danger involved, which means there is a definite threat that could unfold at any time. If the threat is possible, but not definite, then responding with force is called a preventative strike, not a preemptive one. Additionally, preemptive warfare must be aimed at dissolving the threat. If a danger is imminent, the country being threatened can not just attack with the intent of scaring the other country’s government; instead, they must target the specific source of the threat in their strike.
The main argument of the case is that standard warfare is often unnecessary and will, in many cases, lead to more war. In 1967, Israel and her Arab enemies (Egypt, Syria, and Jordan) would have been engaged in a long and bloody war if Israel had waited to retaliate. Their preemptive surprise attack eliminated a majority of Syria and Jordan’s planes, which removed the capacity for these aggressors to start a war. Preemptive warfare is an effective tool to avoid armed conflict and promote global peace.
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