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Summary: This case proves that while preemptive warfare can be harmful, it is still a moral option for some situations. Therefore, preemptive warfare, as a concept, is morally justified.
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About "The Proof of the Pudding"
To pre-prep your mind for this case, think about the following line of CX (which you may want to use).
- AFF: Is it moral for the government to kill me?
- NEG: No
- AFF: Then is killing immoral?
- NEG: Yes
- AFF: What if I killed 27 people? Would it then be acceptable to kill me?
- NEG: Yes (assuming they don’t hate the death penalty)
- AFF: So killing is morally acceptable?
- NEG: In some situations
That exchange is the basis of your Aff case. You need to prove that while preemptive warfare can be harmful, ineffective, immoral, and ill-advised, it is still a moral option for some situations. Therefore, preemptive warfare, as a concept, is morally justified.
Here’s the walkthrough for that. First, set things up with your definitions, value, and resolutional analysis. I don’t define “morally justified” here, because defining moral justification always devolves into a list of approved and disapproved actions, which just wastes debate time. In addition, this case doesn’t rely on the value or criterion, beyond framing purposes. The only potential argument that can unseat your value/criterion pairing is an anthropocentric one. Neg could argue that the best way to preserve life is for all governments to value all life equally. Your response is simple: that doesn’t work. No nation can equally value the life of its citizens and the lives of an enemy nation’s citizens. War doesn’t work that way. If Neg decides to pull that trick, flick the argument in CX and your 1AR, and move on to the important arguments.
The important arguments will be about the underlying framework of the round, and about the way your contentions operate inside that framework. Because preemptive warfare is acceptable in some situations, it is a morally acceptable action. To prove that, set up the round, run your contentions, and respond in CX by staying on your ground. Use your CX to establish that morality is heavily dependent on the situation. Then, in your rebuttal, keep returning to this dictum: an immoral action is never acceptable. Moral actions are moral in some circumstances, and not in others. Of course, we won’t use preemptive warfare all the time, but it’s still moral, because it is appropriate under some circumstances. For real life applications, feel free to use any that you find fitting. I have a soft spot for Ronald Reagan’s invasion of Grenada, and for Israel’s Six Days War, but don’t get lost with too many examples. The meat of this case is in the logic, so be sure to lock that in and impact all round.
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