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About "Cargo Preference for Food Aid"Status Quo policy on US food aid to foreign countries requires at least 50% of the food to be delivered on US-flagged vessels, a policy known as Cargo Preferences for Food Aid, or CPFA. The CPFA requirement used to be 75% US ships, but that was lowered to 50% in 2012 and lobbyists for the maritime industry are successfully telling Congress not to lower it any further. The Affirmative’s theory is that CPFA slows down and increases the price of aid, creating harm to hungry people in poor countries.
One Negative strategy you could run would be a counterplan to simply cancel all food aid (under the theory that the resolution requires “reform,” and cancellation isn’t reform. We expect to have a brief on that topic later.) The other Neg strategy is to argue from this brief that food stockpiled in warehouses solves for the delay problem, and that famine impact estimates are exaggerated or non-existent. And taking business away from the US shipping fleet will create disadvantages to our military, lost jobs in our economy, and possibly political backlash that could even cut food aid long term.
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Katherine Baker competed in speech and debate for five years and was blessed with plenty of success, including three consecutive years of qualifying for NITOC in Team-Policy and Parliamentary Debate. She currently coaches Team-Policy at her local club and runs a speech and debate summer camp with other alumni. She has been so blessed by the skills she learned while competing, and seeks to give back to the speech and debate community wherever she can.