Summary: This brief contains an optional Counterplan that argues that the real problem in our foreign aid is not the ships transporting the grain but the fact that current law requires that we transport bags of grain all the way from the US to poor countries.
Released: Filed Under: Stoa Policy
About "Cargo Preference Food Aid (NEG)"
Affirmative plan repeals the “Cargo Preferences for Food Aid” (CPFA) policy, which requires 50% of the bags of food donated overseas by the federal government to be shipped on US-flagged vessels. Its goal is to reduce the time lag and cost of food aid (and thus allow more aid to flow and get there faster) by opening up more ships to be available for aid transportation.
As long as the AFF Plan is dealing only with the ships used to transport the grain, it is probably not going to lose on Topicality, since federal regulation of the CPFA falls under the Dept of Transportation. If the AFF tries to increase or modify the food itself, that should be challenged for Topicality by the Neg, since that’s a foreign aid policy, not a transportation policy. The quantity, type and sources of food aid fall under the jurisdiction of other agencies like the US Dept of Agriculture (USDA) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID).
This brief contains an optional Counterplan that argues that the real problem in our foreign aid is not the ships transporting the grain but the fact that current law requires that we transport bags of grain all the way from the US to poor countries. Instead, we should be buying (or giving money for local aid agencies to buy) the food locally in the regions near where the need is. The only reason we carry bags of grain across the ocean from the US is because years ago farm state congressmen and farm lobbyists insisted that we do so, in order to drive up demand for US grain. It was never a good food aid policy. Much of the time, people who are starving in poor countries live not far from where adequate supplies of grain are being grown. They either can’t afford to buy it or for some reason the grain can’t get to them (blocked by war, bad roads, etc.). Sending free US bags of grain into a poor region undercuts the local farmers, because they can’t compete with grain priced at zero. When local farms go out of business, the region will have long-term famine that will be even worse than whatever they are having now. The Counterplan changes a Food Aid policy (not a transportation policy, so it’s not topical) to require food to be purchased locally whenever possible. It solves for getting more food to more people (since local food is cheaper than US food) and it avoids the disadvantages of the AFF (and the Status Quo) about hurting poor farmers in poor countries. Under the Counterplan, we don’t change the US-ship requirement (to avoid Disads to the shipping industry) but we do change our bad Food Aid policy and get more food faster to more people.
If you choose to run the Counterplan, the 1NC should start on p. 3 with the Counterplan and just read.
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